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Canine Influenza update and fact sheet

Posted in Dogs, Vaccination
The recent H3N2 canine influenza cluster in Ontario is hopefully still contained. Some infected dogs continue to shed the virus, but a good thing about flu is that there’s no long-term carrier state. Dogs will typically shed the virus for a couple of weeks, but then it should be gone. Accordingly, if the affected dogs… Continue Reading

Dog parks and canine leptospirosis

Posted in Dogs, Vaccination
A Fremont, California dog park was temporarily closed in response to concerns about canine leptospirosis after 4 reports of dogs contracting the disease, potentially associated with exposure at the park. It’s always hard to determine the source of exposure with lepto, but a park is certainly possible. We don’t understand a lot about how and where… Continue Reading

Canine flu update: Ontario

Posted in Dogs
After identification of H3N2 canine influenza in two recently imported dogs in Ontario, testing of a group of in-contact dogs was performed. Five more infected dogs were identified, including both dogs that developed signs of influenza and those that stayed healthy. Infection of these animals was expected since these dogs were in close contact with… Continue Reading

Canine flu vaccination: Canada

Posted in Dogs, Vaccination
Not surprisingly, “should my dog be vaccinated against flu?” has been a very common question over the past few days. Here’s my take on vaccination of Canadian dogs, with the assumption that the recent H3N2 flu cluster in southwestern Ontario has been contained (something that is likely but is still to be determined). Who should… Continue Reading

Canine flu: What are the human health risks?

Posted in Dogs
Now that canine flu has been identified in Ontario, I’ve been inundated with questions, including “what is the risk to people?” It’s often tough getting the right message across, since there are some potential human health risks, but they are very low. The fact that we can’t say “it’s not a concern” sometimes gets taken… Continue Reading

Canine Influenza: Ontario

Posted in Dogs
H3N2 canine influenza has been identified in two dogs in Essex County, Ontario. The dogs were imported from Asia (via the US) in late December and were showing signs of respiratory disease the following day when they were examined by a veterinarian. A small number of dogs that had close contact with the affected dogs… Continue Reading

Updated US rabies map

Posted in Cats, Dogs, Horses, Rabies
Here are updated versions of the US rabies maps from yesterday’s post, with the addition of some more data. Pennsylvania’s looking more biohazardous now but that’s because we got a lot more data for that state. If we get more data from other areas, the maps will be updated accordingly.… Continue Reading

US rabies map: 2017

Posted in Cats, Dogs, Horses, Rabies, Vaccination
We track a few different diseases, both for research and for general education, including rabies. The maps below provide an overview of rabies in dogs, cats and horses in the US in 2017. It’s not a complete representation of cases, since we don’t have access to everyone’s surveillance data. It’s compiled through monitoring various reports… Continue Reading

When bugs don’t read the books

Posted in Cats, Dogs
Minus 20C weather is supposed to have some benefits – at least that’s what we try to tell ourselves. (Maybe we’re just trying to justify why we haven’t migrated south.) I’ve written about leptospirosis a few times recently, given the horrible lepto season we’ve been having. This bacterial disease isn’t new, but there have been… Continue Reading

Fossil fuels and antibiotics: An analogy

Posted in Animals, Birds, Cats, Dogs, Horses, Other animals, Other diseases, Pocket pets
The post below is reproduced from CANresist.blog. It applies equally for veterinary medicine. I think most people buy into the concept of fossil fuels being finite resources. Someday, they’ll run out or logistics and cost of extraction will make them impractical. Accordingly, we’re thinking about ways to reduce and improve use (to delay the end of the… Continue Reading

Please avoid DIY head removal for rabies testing

Posted in Dogs, Rabies
A dog attacks someone and is shot by police. Unfortunate, but sadly it happens. The sheriff’s investigator notifies the county health department, which says the dog needs to be tested for rabies. Good. That sometimes gets missed. The investigator then tells the owner that he has to remove the dog’s head or he’ll face a charge… Continue Reading

Leptospirosis from Puerto Rico hurricane dogs

Posted in Dogs
When Puerto Rico was devastated this fall by Hurricane Maria, I got a few calls from groups thinking about rescuing dogs from the island, and wanting to know what infectious diseases I’d be concerned about. Leptospirosis, a potentially serious bacterial infection that can be transmitted from dogs to people (although that’s fortunately uncommon), was at… Continue Reading

Dog bites, irony and injured kids

Posted in Dogs
If it wasn’t for the injured child, this would be a funny story. There was a hearing in Hillsborough County, Florida about a proposed ordinance requiring dog trainers to be licensed. Not surprisingly, that didn’t go over well with all trainers. One of the main opponents was waiting in line to get into the hearing,… Continue Reading

Airport dog bite

Posted in Dogs, Rabies
While waiting in line to check-in for a flight in Orlando, a JetBlue passenger was bitten by a dog. This raises lots of issues and questions, and for the bitten individual, she’s dealing with a pretty nasty bite and also the potential need for rabies post-exposure prophylaxis. She was bitten while checking in, so it… Continue Reading

CANresist

Posted in Birds, Cats, Dogs, Horses, Other animals
Introducing CANresist, a new initiative aimed at fostering antibiotic stewardship in Canada across the human and animal health fields and beyond, in order to maintain the effectiveness of these life-saving drugs. Follow us at CANresist.com or CANresist.blog, or on Facebook. Also check out our Twitter feed @CANADAresist, including our #mylastantibiotic tag to talk about the last time… Continue Reading

‘Tis the season for leptospirosis in dogs

Posted in Dogs, Vaccination
Leptospirosis is a potentially nasty bacterial infection that can cause severe kidney disease (among other things) and is acquired from the environment, in cool damp areas that are contaminated with urine from infected reservoir hosts (e.g. rats, raccoons, other wildlife). It can also potentially be transmitted to people through contact with urine from an infected… Continue Reading

Petland Campylobacter outbreak update

Posted in Dogs, Other diseases
The CDC has posted an update on the outbreak of Campylobacter infections in the US linked to puppies from Petland, a pet store chain. Here are the highlights: The case count is now up to 67, in 15 states (see map and graph of case occurrence below). The true number of infected people is unknown, since it’s reasonable… Continue Reading

Bordetella infection in a transplant recipient

Posted in Dogs
It’s easy to write a series of posts about oddball infections. I often wonder whether it’s worth highlighting some of these rare disease reports since it’s possible for them to be taken out of context and unnecessarily freak people out. Yet, they often have a couple of useful messages. A paper in an upcoming edition of… Continue Reading

Petland puppy Campylobacter update

Posted in Dogs
Here’s some follow up information from the recent (and probably ongoing) outbreak of Campylobacter infections linked to puppies purchased at Petland stores in the US: 55 infected people have been identified now. That’s probably just a fraction of the people who were truly infected, because of the number of steps that need to happen to… Continue Reading

Dangerous dog designations

Posted in Dogs
Dangerous dogs need to be addressed. Actually, it’s dangerous dog-owner pairs that are the issue, since there’s almost always a major human component to this kind of behaviour.  Unfortunately, we can’t mandate common sense. Cities have taken a variety of approaches to the issue of dog bites and dangerous dogs, ranging from nothing to breed… Continue Reading

Hurricane Harvey dog adoptions

Posted in Dogs
Countless people have asked me to comment about the movement of Hurricane Harvey dogs from Texas into Ontario (and other regions). Okay… I’ll bite. As frequent readers know, risks posed by importation of animals is an interest of mine. A large reason for this is the infectious disease problems that occur, including things I’ve seen… Continue Reading