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Canine influenza disinfection

Posted in Dogs
I’m lazy so I’ll use the blog to answer a question that I’m getting a few times a day.  Today’s question: how to disinfect a veterinary clinic if there is a concern about canine influenza? The good news is that influenza viruses are pretty wimpy. They’re enveloped viruses, meaning they are covered by a fragile fatty… Continue Reading

Canine influenza update: US and Canada, March 13

Posted in Dogs
United States (data courtesy of IDEXX Laboratories) Canine flu continues to cause problems in the US, particularly the west coast. Northern California (471 cases) and Nevada (207 cases) are the hotbeds. As ever, since these data are from diagnostic laboratory submissions, they probably represent the minority of cases (since most dogs with respiratory tract disease… Continue Reading

Ontario canine flu update: March 10

Posted in Dogs
Active canine influenza cases are still known to be present in two regions in Ontario. Muskoka A small number of dogs from the initial cluster of cases in the Orillia/Bracebridge/Gravenhurst region are still shedding the virus, as expected given this virus can be shed by some dogs for a few weeks. The dogs that made… Continue Reading

Ontario canine influenza update

Posted in Dogs, Vaccination
Canine influenza continues to cause problems in Ontario. The central Ontario (Bracebridge, Gravenhurst, Orillia) clusters continue to be monitored, with new positives that were expected based on known contact with infected dogs. Whether these clusters have been contained (or are containable) remains to be seen. Testing and contact tracing continues. As mentioned previously, there was… Continue Reading

Canine flu update: Ontario, Canada

Posted in Dogs
The third cluster of canine flu in Ontario is a problem. While the first two, in the Windsor-Essex area, were relatively small and have been contained, the recent, ongoing central Ontario cluster is larger and more widespread. There are over 20 confirmed cases to date. However, it is very likely that the actual number is… Continue Reading

Canine influenza in Canada: New cluster

Posted in Dogs
While we had hoped that control of the two recent clusters of H3N2 canine influenza in Windsor-Essex, Ontario, meant that the province was again free of that virus, another cluster of infections has been identified, this time in Orillia, Ontario. Investigation is ongoing so the number of infected dogs is currently unclear, but as always,… Continue Reading

US canine flu update

Posted in Dogs
The table below has the latest H3N2 canine influenza numbers from IDEXX Laboratories. Some of the highlights include: Numbers continue to increase. Northern California and Nevada are the hotbeds, with northern CA cases increasing to 343 and Nevada 151. As always, these are just the tested cases, and they presumably represent a small minority of… Continue Reading

Yet another reason not to feed raw chicken

Posted in Dogs, Other diseases
As if another reason was needed, a recent study from Australia (Martinez-Anton et al. 2018 J Vet Internal Med) found a strong association between dogs that consume raw chicken meat and a serious neurological condition known as acute polyradiculoneuritis (APN).  APN is comparable to Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in humans.  The main objective of the study… Continue Reading

Canine flu outbreak update: US

Posted in Dogs
While we have hopefully been able to contain our two recent H3N2 canine influenza clusters in Canada (more on that later), this virus continues to spread in some parts of the US, particularly Northern California and Nevada. Since the last update from IDEXX Laboratories on February 2nd, they have identified another 164 cases in the… Continue Reading

Salmonella in kids linked to raw pet food

Posted in Dogs, Salmonella
When we have discussions about the risks of feeding raw meat to dogs and cats, a frequent refrain is “where are the published reports of people getting sick?” While we know some illnesses occur, they tend not to get investigated to the level that they are published, which is problematic when trying to demonstrate the… Continue Reading

WHO rabies vaccination update

Posted in Dogs, Rabies, Vaccination
The World Health Organization has issued new rabies vaccination and post-exposure prophylaxis recommendations. Here are some of the highlights: Post-exposure prophylaxis People who have not been previously vaccinated against rabies should receive immunoglobulin (antibody) promptly, followed by a series of rabies vaccines. Immunoglobulin can be given after vaccination has started, if logistics require that; however, it… Continue Reading

More emotional support animal ranting

Posted in Birds, Cats, Dogs, Other animals, Reptiles
I’ve written (ok… ranted) about fake service and support animals for years. Beyond frustration with the self-centred and/or “look at me!” aspects, my main concern with the proliferation of fake service animals and questionable emotional support animals is the potential negative impacts on the “real” service and support animals, and the people who actually need… Continue Reading

Canine influenza update: Ontario

Posted in Dogs
Another case of canine influenza has been identified in Windsor-Essex, Ontario. Investigation of the source is underway and measures are in place to try to contain the virus. As with the other recent cluster of H3N2 canine influenza cases in that region, there is concern about entry of this virus into a naive canine population… Continue Reading

US canine flu update

Posted in Dogs
Canine flu has been a hot topic around here, but it’s a bigger deal in the US where the range of the disease is much larger. IDEXX Laboratories has released an update on their canine flu testing results. California has been getting a lot of attention over the past couple of weeks, but extensive flu… Continue Reading

Petland puppy Campylobacter update

Posted in Dogs, Other diseases
I was talking to someone today about their new puppy, their puppy’s diarrhea and (take a guess) the fact that they developed diarrhea shortly thereafter. Odds are pretty good that puppy and owner both have campylobacteriosis. While this infection isn’t related to the ongoing US multistate Campylobacter outbreak linked to puppies from Petland stores, it’s… Continue Reading

Canine Influenza update and fact sheet

Posted in Dogs, Vaccination
The recent H3N2 canine influenza cluster in Ontario is hopefully still contained. Some infected dogs continue to shed the virus, but a good thing about flu is that there’s no long-term carrier state. Dogs will typically shed the virus for a couple of weeks, but then it should be gone. Accordingly, if the affected dogs… Continue Reading

Dog parks and canine leptospirosis

Posted in Dogs, Vaccination
A Fremont, California dog park was temporarily closed in response to concerns about canine leptospirosis after 4 reports of dogs contracting the disease, potentially associated with exposure at the park. It’s always hard to determine the source of exposure with lepto, but a park is certainly possible. We don’t understand a lot about how and where… Continue Reading

Canine flu update: Ontario

Posted in Dogs
After identification of H3N2 canine influenza in two recently imported dogs in Ontario, testing of a group of in-contact dogs was performed. Five more infected dogs were identified, including both dogs that developed signs of influenza and those that stayed healthy. Infection of these animals was expected since these dogs were in close contact with… Continue Reading

Canine flu vaccination: Canada

Posted in Dogs, Vaccination
Not surprisingly, “should my dog be vaccinated against flu?” has been a very common question over the past few days. Here’s my take on vaccination of Canadian dogs, with the assumption that the recent H3N2 flu cluster in southwestern Ontario has been contained (something that is likely but is still to be determined). Who should… Continue Reading

Canine flu: What are the human health risks?

Posted in Dogs
Now that canine flu has been identified in Ontario, I’ve been inundated with questions, including “what is the risk to people?” It’s often tough getting the right message across, since there are some potential human health risks, but they are very low. The fact that we can’t say “it’s not a concern” sometimes gets taken… Continue Reading

Canine Influenza: Ontario

Posted in Dogs
H3N2 canine influenza has been identified in two dogs in Essex County, Ontario. The dogs were imported from Asia (via the US) in late December and were showing signs of respiratory disease the following day when they were examined by a veterinarian. A small number of dogs that had close contact with the affected dogs… Continue Reading

Updated US rabies map

Posted in Cats, Dogs, Horses, Rabies
Here are updated versions of the US rabies maps from yesterday’s post, with the addition of some more data. Pennsylvania’s looking more biohazardous now but that’s because we got a lot more data for that state. If we get more data from other areas, the maps will be updated accordingly.… Continue Reading